TRANSLATION AND RUINS:

DU BELLAY, SPENSER, AND ROME

 

 

 

 

PART A: CONTEXT

 

1 THE CITY OF ETERNAL RUINS

a) A brief history of ruins, with some equally brief meditations

b) Ruins and Rome: Decay in the Renaissance

c) Ruins and the English

d) Ruins, Poetry, City and Empire

e) Ruins and Language

 

2 JOACHIM DU BELLAY

a) France and the Sonnet in 1558

b) Du Bellay and Language

c) Du Bellay and Imitation/Translation: Theory and Practice

 

3 SPENSER AS TRANSLATOR

a) England in 1558

b) Early English Sonnet-Sequences, and The English Sonnet in the 1570s

c) Spenser and Language

i) The Ruins and Progress of Language

ii) Spenserís Style

d) Spenser on Translation: The Commendatory Sonnets

e) Axiochus

f) Virgilís Gnat

g) Shepheardes Calender

h) Spenser and Italian Poets

i) Spenser and Du Bellay

4 THE CRITICAL RECORD: THE ANTIQUITEZ

a) The Antiquitez and the Critics

b) Du Bellay in England; Du Bellay Translated

 

5 THE CRITICAL RECORD: RUINES OF ROME

a) Introduction

b) The Attitudes of Spenserís Contemporaries

c) The 17th-19th Centuries

d) 20th-century Criticism

 

6 DU BELLAY AND THE SONNET

a) The Sonnet-Cycle as Epic

b) The Cycle as Sub-Cycle

i) Antiquitez and Songe

ii) Antiquitez and Regrets

iii)                 Antiquitez and XIII Sonnetz

iv)                 Antiquitez and Poemata

c)                  Du Bellay, Magny, and Grťvin

d)                  Sonnet Subsets

 

 

7 THE ENGLISH INTERTEXTUALITY OF SPENSERíS TRANSLATIONS

a)                  The Translations and Previous Texts by English Poets

b)                  The Translations and Spenserís Original Poems

c)                  The Ruines of Rome in Complaints

 

8 ANALYSIS

a) Methodology for Evaluation

b) Comparisons: The Variability of Ruins

c) Ideology: Spenser and Rome

d) Numbers and Title

e) The Architecture of the Sonnet

i) Rhyme-scheme

ii) Enjambement and the Sestet

iii)                 Metre

iv)                 Syntax

v)                  Rhetorical figures

 

 

PART B: CLOSE READINGS

 

Sonnet 1

 

Sonnet 3

 

Sonnet 5

 

Sonnet 7

 

Sonnet 12

 

Sonnet 15

 

Sonnet 17

 

Sonnet 25

 

Sonnet 32

 

 

 

 

Image:

Paul de Cock (1724-1801), ĎLandscape with Roman Ruins.í

 



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